Brother Scanner Stops Scanning to PC after MS Update

Firewall Change to Blame

Diagnosing the Problem

I have a Brother HL-2280DW printer/scanner which has been working perfectly for several years. For example, I could scan a document from the printer/scanner to my local PC without a problem. Recently after a Windows update (I’m using version 1909 build 18363.836) I could no longer scan from the scanner to the PC. I could scan by going to the PC and using Brother utilities. However, I could not scan when standing at the scanner. I suspected a firewall setting had been removed by a recent Windows Update. To verify this I temporarily disabled the Windows Firewall.

First, you should check if this is your problem by temporarily turning off Windows Firewall. The steps to turn off Windows Firewall:

To turn Microsoft Defender Firewall on or off:

  1. Select the Start > Settings > Update & Security > Windows Security and then Firewall & network protection.
  2. To turn it off, under Microsoft Defender Firewall, switch the setting to Off. Turning off Windows Defender Firewall could make your device (and network, if you have one) more vulnerable to unauthorized access. If there’s an app you need to use that’s being blocked, you can allow it through the firewall, instead of turning the firewall off.
  3. To turn it on, under Microsoft Defender Firewall, switch the setting to On. If your device is connected to a network, network policy settings might prevent you from completing these steps. For more info, contact your administrator.

After turning off the Windows Firewall, I could once again scan from the scanner to the PC. After investigating on the internet and the Brother printer site I found that UDP port 54925 needed an inbound rule in Windows Firewall, to allow scanning from the scanner. Apparently, the recent Windows Update removed this rule.

Although it is possible to put the rule into Windows Firewall using the interface provided by Microsoft, I like working from the command prompt. Here is the command I used to fix my problem. Get to an elevated command prompt, and type the following command. Of course you MUST enter the command EXACTLY as I have typed it below:

netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="Br Scanner Port 54925" dir=in action=allow protocol=UDP localport=54925
Example

Make sure you are at an elevated command prompt. This means that your command prompt title bar MUST say Administrator. Even if you utilized the command to run the Command Prompt as Administrator, if the title bar does not say Administrator, then you are NOT running the Command Prompt as an Administrator.

If all went well, the system should respond with “Ok”.

That is all there is to it and I hope this helps someone.

Volume Dynamics and Equalization

Automatic Adjustment

Equalizing the Sound Level

Right click the speaker icon and choose Open Sound Settings from the menu which appears.

Next click on Sound Control Panel – over toward the upper right :

Click Playback, Speakers, Properties.

Click Enhancements, Loudness Equalization, OK.

That is all. Now your playbacks should all have the same loudness!

References
https://www.howtogeek.com/115656/3-ways-to-normalize-sound-volume-on-your-pc/

Debugging a Debugger

How to Unload a Debugger

Unloading a Debugger

Errors can occur when loading programs under the Windows operating system. One type of error that you can receive is “a debugger has been detected: unload the debugger and try again” message. This error can occur when certain programs and drivers on your system are outdated or are conflicting with other files.

Remove Amdfix.sys File (If it exists).

  • The Amdfix.sys
    1. Click the Start menu and then go to the “Search” option. This will display the Search Results window.
    2. Select the “All files and folders” option from the left panel.
    3. Type “amdfix.sys” into the “All or part of the file name” text box.
    4. Click the “Search” button to have the system search your local hard drives for the file.
    5. Right-click the amdfix.sys file that is displayed in the right panel. Select “Rename” from the context menu and then change the name of the files to “amdfix.sys.old. Press the “Enter” key to save the change.
    6. Restart your computer so that your system will start and not load the amdfix.sys file.

Disable Startup Programs

  • Startup Configuration
    1. Click the “Start” button and then select the “Run” option. Type “msconfig” into the text box and then click the “OK” button. This will start the System Configuration Utility.
    2. Go to the General tab and then click the option for “Selective Startup.” Click in the box to remove the check for system.ini, win.ini and load startup items options.
    3. Go to the Services tab and select the “Hide all Microsoft Services” check box. Click the “Disable All” button to prevent the remaining services from loading when Windows restarts.
    4. Click the “OK” button to save the change and then reboot your computer to start your system with the startup programs disabled.

I hope that helps,
Jim

Thought for Today

The Power of Computer Programming

Automate with Python

People spend their work days opening and closing files, keyboarding and ‘mousing’ to perform repetitive tasks, unaware that the very computer they are employing could do the same job in seconds, if only, they gave it the right instructions.

I hope that helps,
Jim

Why Is Math Important in Programming?

Is All that Math Really Necessary?

Students often come to me and ask, “Do you really have to be good in math to be good in computer programming?” And I answer and say, “No you really don’t have to be good in math to be good in computer programming”, but it sure helps. And here’s a video explaining why.

I hope that helps,
Jim

Photos App Causing High CPU Usage in Background in Windows 10

Photos App – High CPU Usage

After my upgrade recently to Windows 10 version 1903 (OS Build 18343.1), I noticed my computer would kick to 34% (or there about) whenever I did not move the mouse. As soon and I would move the mouse or type, the usage would return to a more normal level, somewhere below 10%. A good level that I normally see when nothing is going on for my computer is between 1% to 3%. There is really not any reason for your computer to use more than 3%, if it is idle, that is unless some application is hogging some resources behind the scenes. This is what the Photo App in Windows 10 is/was doing.

I got on Google and soon I found it was affecting many users. One of the commenters (sorry I do not remember the name, because I did not believe it was the correct answer when I read it) suggested to bring up the Photo App, and go into settings. See the screen shot below.

Remove any folders under the words “Include more folders in your collection.” Also, turn off Microsoft OneDrive. When I made these changes later, after I had tried many other suggested solutions, my CPU Usage dropped immediately to 3% and then to 1%.

I consider this problem solved for me. I sincerely hope this helps someone.

Jim

Removing Microsoft Telemetry Windows 10

The Steps to Remove Microsoft Telemetry

I installed Windows 10 version 1903 (OS Build 18343.1) on Tuesday and by Wednesday I realized that my computer was much slower. I did grab the MS Windows insider edition which I believe means that Microsoft Windows Telemetry is on by default. Windows Telemetry reports back to Microsoft almost everything you do and slows down even a fast system very much. I also, had several programs crash that I use on a regular basis, and presented no problems on the previous version of Windows. So below is a method of removing Windows Telemetry.

I used the Registry to fix the issue. I have included a download-able *.reg file which fixes the problem. Here are the steps to fix the problem.

  1. Download the file http://www.carriersnc.com/downloads1/blog/Disable_Allow_Telemetry.txt

  2. Rename the downloaded file from Disable_Allow_Telemetry.txt to Disable_Allow_Telemetry.reg.

  3. Double click the file Disable_Allow_Telemetry.reg

  4. When the warning about it could be dangerous to add information into the registry in this manner appears, you should click yes.


  5. If all goes well then you should see the following message “The keys and values contained in Disable_Allow_Telemetry.reg have been successfully added to the registry.”

That is all there is to it.

I hope that helps,
Jim

The Cloud is Dangerous

Yes, the Cloud is Very Dangerous

Why is the cloud dangerous?

There are many reasons but here are a few:

  1. Any time you store data on the Internet, you are at risk for a cyberattack

  2. You can be sure someone else is looking at your data

  3. Remember Edward Snowden who breached the data at the NSA? Since he worked there, this is called an “Insider Threat”

  4. Uncle Sam is watching you. Once your data is in the cloud, you not only need to worry about competitors stealing your data, but you need to worry about the Government spying on you.

  5. If your data is stored on the cloud for your clients, and it gets stolen, then you may be Legally Liable for the loss of data.

  6. If your data is not mission-critical, you do not need to worry about security and availability, but on the other hand if you data is mission-critical, you should be sure to invest in a cloud and cloud provider that is capable of providing a level of protection which aligns with your needs. Imagine calling your provider to find out why your cloud appears to be down, but you can only reach a recording, or worse, you can only reach a robot. But reaching a human engineer is difficult if not impossible.

There are many more reasons the cloud is not a safe bet. If you would like to contribute to this post please add a comment.


I hope that helps,
Jim